The configuration file (called php3.ini in PHP 3.0, and simply php.ini as of PHP 4.0) is read when PHP starts up. For the server module versions of PHP, this happens only once when the web server is started. For the CGI version, it happens on every invocation.
When using PHP as an Apache module, you can also change the configuration settings using directives in Apache configuration files and .htaccess files.
With PHP 3.0, there are Apache directives that correspond to each configuration setting in the php3.ini name, except the name is prefixed by "php3_".
With PHP 4.0, there are just a few Apache directives that allow you to change the PHP configuration settings.
This sets the value of the specified variable.
This is used to set a Boolean configuration option.
This sets the value of the specified variable. "Admin" configuration settings can only be set from within the main Apache configuration files, and not from .htaccess files.
This is used to set a Boolean configuration option.
The special value none disables auto-appending.
Note: If the script is terminated with exit(), auto-append will not occur.
The special value none disables auto-prepending.
This determines whether errors should be printed to the screen as part of the HTML output or not.
PHP's "root directory" on the server. Only used if non-empty. If PHP is configured with safe mode, no files outside this directory are served.
This directive is really only useful in the Apache module version of PHP. It is used by sites that would like to turn PHP parsing on and off on a per-directory or per-virtual server basis. By putting php3_engine off in the appropriate places in the httpd.conf file, PHP can be enabled or disabled.
Name of file where script errors should be logged. If the special value syslog is used, the errors are sent to the system logger instead. On UNIX, this means syslog(3) and on Windows NT it means the event log. The system logger is not supported on Windows 95.
Set the error reporting level. The parameter is an integer representing a bit field. Add the values of the error reporting levels you want.
Table 3-1. Error Reporting Levels
|bit value||enabled reporting|
|8||non-critical style-related warnings|
Limit the files that can be opened by PHP to the specified directory-tree.
When a script tries to open a file with, for example, fopen or gzopen, the location of the file is checked. When the file is outside the specified directory-tree, PHP will refuse to open it. All symbolic links are resolved, so it's not possible to avoid this restriction with a symlink.
The special value . indicates that the directory in which the script is stored will be used as base-directory.
Under Windows, separate the directories with a semicolon. On all other systems, separate the directories with a colon. As an Apache module, open_basedir paths from parent directories are now automatically inherited.
Note: Support for multiple directories was added in 3.0.7.
The default is to allow all files to be opened.
Set the order of GET/POST/COOKIE variable parsing. The default setting of this directive is "GPC". Setting this to "GP", for example, will cause PHP to completely ignore cookies and to overwrite any GET method variables with POST-method variables of the same name.
Off by default. If changed to On scripts will run to completion even if the remote client disconnects in the middle. See also ignore_user_abort().
Specifies a list of directories where the require(), include() and fopen_with_path() functions look for files. The format is like the system's PATH environment variable: a list of directories separated with a colon in UNIX or semicolon in Windows.
Example 3-1. UNIX include_path
Example 3-2. Windows include_path
Tells whether script error messages should be logged to the server's error log. This option is thus server-specific.
Sets the magic_quotes state for GPC (Get/Post/Cookie) operations. When magic_quotes are on, all ' (single-quote), " (double quote), \ (backslash) and NUL's are escaped with a backslash automatically. If magic_quotes_sybase is also on, a single-quote is escaped with a single-quote instead of a backslash.
If magic_quotes_runtime is enabled, most functions that return data from any sort of external source including databases and text files will have quotes escaped with a backslash. If magic_quotes_sybase is also on, a single-quote is escaped with a single-quote instead of a backslash.
If magic_quotes_sybase is also on, a single-quote is escaped with a single-quote instead of a backslash if magic_quotes_gpc or magic_quotes_runtime is enabled.
This sets the maximum time in seconds a script is allowed to take before it is terminated by the parser. This helps prevent poorly written scripts from tieing up the server.
This sets the maximum amount of memory in bytes that a script is allowed to allocate. This helps prevent poorly written scripts for eating up all available memory on a server.
Tells whether the short form (<? ?>of PHP's open tag should be allowed. If you want to use PHP in combination with XML, you have to disable this option. If disabled, you must use the long form of the open tag (<?php ?>).
If enabled, the last error message will always be present in the global variable $php_errormsg.
If enabled, GET, POST and cookie input can be found in the global associative arrays $HTTP_GET_VARS, $HTTP_POST_VARS and $HTTP_COOKIE_VARS, respectively.
The temporary directory used for storing files when doing file upload. Must be writable by whatever user PHP is running as.
The base name of the directory used on a user's home directory for PHP files, for example public_html.
If enabled, this option makes PHP output a warning when the plus (+) operator is used on strings. This is to make it easier to find scripts that need to be rewritten to using the string concatenator instead (.).
DNS name or IP address of the SMTP server PHP under Windows should use for mail sent with the mail() function.
Which "From:" mail address should be used in mail sent from PHP under Windows.
Where the sendmail program can be found, usually /usr/sbin/sendmail or /usr/lib/sendmail configure does an honest attempt of locating this one for you and set a default, but if it fails, you can set it here.
Systems not using sendmail should set this directive to the sendmail wrapper/replacement their mail system offers, if any. For example, Qmail users can normally set it to /var/qmail/bin/sendmail.
This directive is really only useful in the Apache module version of PHP. You can turn dynamic loading of PHP extensions with dl() on and off per virtual server or per directory.
The main reason for turning dynamic loading off is security. With dynamic loading, it's possible to ignore all the safe_mode and open_basedir restrictions.
The default is to allow dynamic loading, except when using safe-mode. In safe-mode, it's always imposible to use dl().
In what directory PHP should look for dynamically loadable extensions.
Which dynamically loadable extensions to load when PHP starts up.
Whether to allow persistent Sybase-CT connections. The default is on.
The maximum number of persistent Sybase-CT connections per process. The default is -1 meaning unlimited.
The maximum number of Sybase-CT connections per process, including persistent connections. The default is -1 meaning unlimited.
Server messages with severity greater than or equal to sybct.min_server_severity will be reported as warnings. This value can also be set from a script by calling sybase_min_server_severity(). The default is 10 which reports errors of information severity or greater.
Client library messages with severity greater than or equal to sybct.min_client_severity will be reported as warnings. This value can also be set from a script by calling sybase_min_client_severity(). The default is 10 which effectively disables reporting.
The maximum time in seconds to wait for a connection attempt to succeed before returning failure. Note that if max_execution_time has been exceeded when a connection attempt times out, your script will be terminated before it can take action on failure. The default is one minute.
The maximum time in seconds to wait for a select_db or query operation to succeed before returning failure. Note that if max_execution_time has been exceeded when am operation times out, your script will be terminated before it can take action on failure. The default is no limit.
The name of the host you claim to be connecting from, for display by sp_who. The default is none.
Whether to allow persistent Informix connections.
The maximum number of persistent Informix connections per process.
The maximum number of Informix connections per process, including persistent connections.
Set to true if you want to return blob columns in a file, false if you want them in memory. You can override the setting at runtime with ifx_blobinfile_mode().
Set to true if you want to return TEXT columns as normal strings in select statements, false if you want to use blob id parameters. You can override the setting at runtime with ifx_textasvarchar().
Set to true if you want to return BYTE columns as normal strings in select queries, false if you want to use blob id parameters. You can override the setting at runtime with ifx_textasvarchar().
Set to true if you want to trim trailing spaces from CHAR columns when fetching them.
Set to true if you want to return NULL columns as the literal string "NULL", false if you want them returned as the empty string "". You can override this setting at runtime with ifx_nullformat().
Number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions.
Whether to allow persistent ODBC connections.
The maximum number of persistent ODBC connections per process.
The maximum number of ODBC connections per process, including persistent connections.